## Posts tagged ‘matplotlib’

### Matplotlib: Graph with vertical lines ascending to points

This is different from a bar chart, since in a bar chart the bars have width.

The vlines function will do what you want this takes arrays for its various values.

Example

import pylab pylab.vlines([1,2,3,4,5], 0, [2,4,6,8,10]) pylab.show()

### Python numpy moving average for data

The following examples produces a moving average of the preceding WINDOW values. We truncate the first (WINDOW -1) values since we can’t find the average before them. (The default behaviour for convolution is to assume that values before the start of our sequence are 0). (More formally, we construct the sequence y for the sequence x where y_i = (x_i + x_(i+1) + …. x_(i+n)) / n)

WINDOW = 10 data = [1,2,3,4,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5] weightings = numpy.repeat(1.0, WINDOW) / WINDOW numpy.convolve(data, weightings)[WINDOW-1:-(WINDOW-1)]

This makes use of numpy’s convolution function. This is a general purpose moving average operation.

Changing weightings makes some values more important; offsetting appropriately allows you to view average as around point rather than before point.

Rather than truncating values we can fix the initial values in place, as illustrated in this example:

WINDOW = 10 data = [1,2,3,4,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5] extended_data = numpy.hstack([[data[0]] * (WINDOW- 1), data]) weightings = numpy.repeat(1.0, WINDOW) / WINDOW numpy.convolve(extended_data, weightings)[WINDOW-1:-(WINDOW-1)]

### Setting the minimum values for axes in matplotlib

pylab.axis(xmin=0, ymin=0)

### Drawing lines with matplotlib

Matplotlib’s pyplot library has the following functions for drawing lines:

axvline – A full vertical line (does not start or stop)

vlines – A vertical line segment (or multiple)

axhline – A full horizontal line

hlines – …

The relevant plot in the gallery is here:

http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/examples/pylab_examples/axhspan_demo.html